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Questions 11–20$ 

Questions 11–20

 

Q. 11. What are God’s works of providence?

A. God’s works of providence are His most holy,a wise,b and powerful preservingc and governing all His creatures, and all their actions.d

  $versebreak$Q. 11$ 

aPsalm 145:17 $vr$PESV_Psalm 145$17.doc@01173@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Psalm.doc Psalm 145:17@01174@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Psalm 145$17.doc@01175@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Psalm.doc Psalm 145:17@01176@WEB) ; bPsalm 104:24 $vr$PESV_Psalm 104$24.doc@01157@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Psalm.doc Psalm 104:24@01158@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Psalm 104$24.doc@01159@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Psalm.doc Psalm 104:24@01160@WEB) ; Isaiah 28:29 $vr$PESV_Isaiah 28$29.doc@01061@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Isaiah.doc   Isaiah 28:29@01062@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Isaiah 28$29.doc@01063@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Isaiah.doc Isaiah 28:29@01064@WEB) ; cHebrews 1:3 $vr$PESV_Hebrews 1$3.doc@01273@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Hebrews.doc Hebrews 1:3@01274@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Hebrews 1$3.doc@01275@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Hebrews.doc Hebrews 1:3@01276@WEB) ; dPsalm 103:19 $vr$PESV_Psalm 103$19.doc@01153@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Psalm.doc Psalm 103:19@01154@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Psalm 103$19.doc@01155@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Psalm.doc Psalm 103:19@01156@WEB) ; Matthew 10:29–31 $vr$PESV_Matthew 10$29-31.doc@00349@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Matthew.doc Matthew 10:29-31@00350@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Matthew 10$29-31.doc@00351@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Matthew.doc Matthew 10:29-31@00352@WEB)

 

Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the state [condition] in which he was created?

A. When God had created man, He entered into a covenant[1] of life with him, promising life upon condition of perfect obedience. Also God forbade him to eat of the tree[2] of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death.

  $versebreak$Q. 12$ 

Galatians 3:12 $vr$PESV_Galatians 3$12.doc@00617@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Galatians.doc Galatians 3:12@00618@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Galatians 3$12.doc@00619@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Galatians.doc Galatians 3:12@00620@WEB) ; Genesis 2:17 $vr$PESV_Genesis 2$17.doc@01021@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 2:17@01022@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Genesis 2$17.doc@01023@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 2:17@01024@WEB)

 

Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the state in which they were created?

A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the state in which they were created by sinning against God.

  $versebreak$Q. 13$ 

Genesis 3:6–8, 13 $vr$PESV_Genesis 3$6-8, 13.doc@00261@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 3:6-8, 13@00262@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Genesis 3$6-8, 13.doc@00263@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 3:6-8, 13@00264@WEB) ; Ecclesiastes 7:29 $vr$PESV_Ecclesiastes 7$29.doc@00237@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Ecclesiastes.doc Ecclesiastes 7:29@00238@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Ecclesiastes 7$29.doc@00239@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Ecclesiastes.doc Ecclesiastes 7:29@00240@WEB)

 

Q. 14. What is sin?

A. Sin is any lack of conformity to, or transgression of, the law of God.

  $versebreak$Q. 14$ 

1 John 3:4 $vr$PESV_1 John 3$4.doc@01385@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\1 John.doc 1 John 3:4@01386@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_1 John 3$4.doc@01387@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\1 John.doc 1 John 3:4@01388@WEB)

 

Q. 15. What was the sin by which our first parents fell from the state in which they were created?

A. The sin by which our first parents fell from the state in which they were created was their eating the forbidden fruit.

  $versebreak$Q. 15$ 

Genesis 3:6, 12 $vr$PESV_Genesis 3$6, 12.doc@00445@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 3:6, 12@00446@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Genesis 3$6, 12.doc@00447@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 3:6, 12@00448@WEB)

 

Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?

A. The covenant was made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his posterity. Thus, all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him and fell with him in his first transgression.[3]

  $versebreak$Q. 16$ 

Genesis 2:16–17 $vr$PESV_Genesis 2$16-17.doc@00441@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 2:16-17@00442@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Genesis 2$16-17.doc@00443@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 2:16-17@00444@WEB) ; Romans 5:12 $vr$PESV_Romans 5$12.doc@01349@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:12@01350@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Romans 5$12.doc@01351@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:12@01352@WEB) ; 1 Corinthians 15:21–22 $vr$PESV_1 Corinthians 15$21-22.doc@00049@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\1 Corinthians.doc 1 Corinthians 15:21-22@00050@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_1 Corinthians 15$21-22.doc@00051@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\1 Corinthians.doc 1 Corinthians 15:21-22@00052@WEB)

 

Q. 17. Into what state did the fall bring mankind?

A. The fall brought mankind into a state of sin and misery.

  $versebreak$Q. 17$ 

Romans 5:12 $vr$PESV_Romans 5$12.doc@01353@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:12@01354@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Romans 5$12.doc@01355@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:12@01356@WEB)

 

Q. 18. What is sinful about that state into which man fell?

A. The sinfulness of that state into which men fell consists in both:

1.     That which is commonly called original sin:

o      The guilt of Adam’s first sin

o      The lack of original righteousness

o      The corruption of his whole nature

2.     All actual transgressions that proceed from it

  $versebreak$Q. 18$ 

Romans 5:12, 19 $vr$PESV_Romans 5$12, 19.doc@00513@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:12, 19@00514@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Romans 5$12, 19.doc@00515@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:12, 19@00516@WEB) ; Romans 5:10–20 $vr$PESV_Romans 5$10-20.doc@00713@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:10-20@00714@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Romans 5$10-20.doc@00715@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 5:10-20@00716@WEB) ; Ephesians 2:1–3 $vr$PESV_Ephesians 2$1-3.doc@00409@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Ephesians.doc Ephesians 2:1-3@00410@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Ephesians 2$1-3.doc@00411@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Ephesians.doc Ephesians 2:1-3@00412@WEB) ; James 1:14–15 $vr$PESV_James 1$14-15.doc@00853@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\James.doc James 1:14-15@00854@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_James 1$14-15.doc@00855@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\James.doc James 1:14-15@00856@WEB) ; Matthew 15:19 $vr$PESV_Matthew 15$19.doc@00873@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Matthew.doc Matthew 15:19@00874@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Matthew 15$19.doc@00875@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Matthew.doc    Matthew 15:19@00876@WEB)

 

Q. 19. What is the misery of that state into which man fell?

A. All humans, by their fall, lost communion with Goda and are under His wrath and curse.b They are thus made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever.c

  $versebreak$Q. 19$ 

aGenesis 3:8, 10, 24 $vr$PESV_Genesis 3$8, 10, 24.doc@00161@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 3:8, 10, 24@00162@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Genesis 3$8, 10, 24.doc@00163@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Genesis.doc Genesis 3:8, 10, 24@00164@WEB) ; bEphesians 2:2–3 $vr$PESV_Ephesians 2$2-3.doc@00413@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Ephesians.doc Ephesians 2:2-3@00414@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Ephesians 2$2-3.doc@00415@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Ephesians.doc Ephesians 2:2-3@00416@WEB) ; Galatians 3:10 $vr$PESV_Galatians 3$10.doc@00609@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Galatians.doc Galatians 3:10@00610@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Galatians 3$10.doc@00611@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Galatians.doc Galatians 3:10@00612@WEB) ; cLamentations 3:39 $vr$PESV_Lamentations 3$39.doc@00277@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Lamentations.doc Lamentations 3:39@00278@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Lamentations 3$39.doc@00279@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Lamentations.doc Lamentations 3:39@00280@WEB) ; Romans 6:23 $vr$PESV_Romans 6$23.doc@01357@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 6:23@01358@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Romans 6$23.doc@01359@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 6:23@01360@WEB) ; Matthew 25:41, 46 $vr$PESV_Matthew 25$41, 46.doc@00289@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Matthew.doc Matthew 25:41, 46@00290@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Matthew 25$41, 46.doc@00291@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Matthew.doc Matthew 25:41, 46@00292@WEB)

 

Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the state of sin and misery?

A. God, out of His mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life.a Thus He entered into a covenant of grace to deliver them out of the state of sin and misery and to bring them into a state of salvation[4] by a Redeemer.b

  $versebreak$Q. 20$ 

aEphesians 1:4 $vr$PESV_Ephesians 1$4.doc@00757@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Ephesians.doc Ephesians 1:4@00758@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Ephesians 1$4.doc@00759@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Ephesians.doc Ephesians 1:4@00760@WEB) ; bRomans 3:20–22 $vr$PESV_Romans 3$20-22.doc@00705@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 3:20-22@00706@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Romans 3$20-22.doc@00707@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Romans.doc Romans 3:20-22@00708@WEB) ; Galatians 3:21–22 $vr$PESV_Galatians 3$21-22.doc@00257@(ESV  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\kj3\FormattedBooks\Galatians.doc Galatians 3:21-22@00258@KJ3  $vr$PNASB95_Galatians 3$21-22.doc@00259@NASB  $vr$e:\a_data\translations\WorldEnglishBible\FormattedBooks\Galatians.doc Galatians 3:21-22@00260@WEB)

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Q. 11

 

Psalm 145:17  (ESV)                    Back

17The Lord is righteous in all his ways and kind in all his works.

 

 

Psalm 145:17  (KJ3)                    Back

17 Jehovah is righteous in all His ways, and a faithful One in all His works.

 

 

Psalm 145:17  (NASB95)                    Back

17The Lord is righteous in all His ways And kind in all His deeds.

 

 

Psalm 145:17  (WEB)                    Back

17 Yahweh is righteous in all his ways,

 

 

Psalm 104:24  (ESV)                    Back

24O Lord, how manifold are your works! In wisdom have you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.

 

 

Psalm 104:24  (KJ3)                    Back

24 O Jehovah, how many are Your works! You have made all of them in wisdom; the earth is full of Your possessions.

 

 

Psalm 104:24  (NASB95)                    Back

24O Lord, how many are Your works! In wisdom You have made them all; The earth is full of Your possessions.

 

 

Psalm 104:24  (WEB)                    Back

24 Yahweh, how many are your works!

 

 

Isaiah 28:29  (ESV)                    Back

29This also comes from the Lord of hosts; he is wonderful in counsel and excellent in wisdom.

 

 

Isaiah 28:29  (KJ3)                    Back

29 This also comes from Jehovah of Hosts, doing wonders in counsel, making sound wisdom great.

 

 

Isaiah 28:29  (NASB95)                    Back

29This also comes from the Lord of hosts, Who has made His counsel wonderful and His wisdom great.

 

 

Isaiah 28:29  (WEB)                    Back

29 This also comes out from Yahweh of Armies, who is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in wisdom.

 

 

Hebrews 1:3  (ESV)                    Back

3He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

 

 

Hebrews 1:3  (KJ3)                    Back

3 who being the shining splendor of His glory, and the express image of His essence, and bearing up all things by the Word of His power, having made purification of our sins through Himself, He sat down on the right of the Majesty on high,

 

 

Hebrews 1:3  (NASB95)                    Back

3And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

 

 

Hebrews 1:3  (WEB)                    Back

3 His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, who, when he had by himself purified us of our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

 

 

Psalm 103:19  (ESV)                    Back

19The Lord has established his throne in the heavens, and his kingdom rules over all.

 

 

Psalm 103:19  (KJ3)                    Back

19¶ Jehovah has prepared His throne in Heaven, and His kingdom rules over all.

 

 

Psalm 103:19  (NASB95)                    Back

19The Lord has established His throne in the heavens, And His sovereignty rules over all.

 

 

Psalm 103:19  (WEB)                    Back

19 Yahweh has established his throne in the heavens.

 

 

Matthew 10:29–31  (ESV)                    Back

29Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. 30But even the hairs of your head are all numbered. 31Fear not, therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.

 

 

Matthew 10:29-31  (KJ3)                    Back

29 Are not two sparrows sold for an assarion? Yet not one of them shall fall to the ground without your Father.

30 But even the hairs of your head are all numbered.

31 Therefore do not fear; you are better than many sparrows.

 

 

Matthew 10:29–31  (NASB95)                    Back

29“Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. 30“But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31“So do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows.

 

 

Matthew 10:29-31  (WEB)                    Back

29         “Aren’t two sparrows sold for an assarion coin?* Not one of them falls on the ground apart from your Father’s will,

30 but the very hairs of your head are all numbered.

31 Therefore don’t be afraid. You are of more value than many sparrows.

 

 

Q. 12

 

Galatians 3:12  (ESV)                    Back

12But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does them shall live by them.”

 

 

Galatians 3:12  (KJ3)                    Back

12 But the Law is not of faith, but, “The man doing these things shall live in them.”

 

 

Galatians 3:12  (NASB95)                    Back

12However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “He who practices them shall live by them.”

 

 

Galatians 3:12  (WEB)                    Back

12 The law is not of faith, but, “The man who does them will live by them.”

 

 

Genesis 2:17  (ESV)                    Back

17but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

 

 

Genesis 2:17  (KJ3)                    Back

17 but of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil you may not eat, for in the day of the eating of it, dying you shall die.

 

 

Genesis 2:17  (NASB95)                    Back

17but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”

 

 

Genesis 2:17  (WEB)                    Back

17 but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”

 

 

Q. 13

 

Genesis 3:6–8, 13  (ESV)                    Back

6So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. 7Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths. 8And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

13Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

 

 

Genesis 3:6-8, 13  (KJ3)                    Back

6¶ And the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that to the eyes it was to be desired, and the tree was desirable to make one wise. And she took of its fruit and ate; and she also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.

7 And the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed leaves of the fig tree, and made girdles for themselves.

8 And they heard the sound of Jehovah God walking up and down in the garden at the breeze of the day. And the man and his wife hid themselves from the face of Jehovah God in the middle of the trees of the garden.

13 And Jehovah God said to the woman, What is this you have done? And the woman said, The serpent deceived me, and I ate.

 

 

Genesis 3:6–8, 13  (NASB95)                    Back

6When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate. 7Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings. 8They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

13Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

 

 

Genesis 3:6-8, 13  (WEB)                    Back

6           When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took some of its fruit, and ate; and she gave some to her husband with her, and he ate it, too.

7 Their eyes were opened, and they both knew that they were naked. They sewed fig leaves together, and made coverings for themselves.

8 They heard Yahweh God’s voice walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden.

13             Yahweh God said to the woman, “What have you done?”

 

 

Ecclesiastes 7:29  (ESV)                    Back

29See, this alone I found, that God made man upright, but they have sought out many schemes.

 

 

Ecclesiastes 7:29  (KJ3)                    Back

29 See, this only I have found, that God has made man upright, but they have sought out many inventions.

 

 

Ecclesiastes 7:29  (NASB95)                    Back

29“Behold, I have found only this, that God made men upright, but they have sought out many devices.”

 

 

Ecclesiastes 7:29  (WEB)                    Back

29 Behold, I have only found this: that God made man upright; but they search for many schemes.”

 

 

Q. 14

 

1 John 3:4  (ESV)                    Back

4Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness.

 

 

1 John 3:4  (KJ3)                    Back

4¶ Everyone practicing sin also practices lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness.

 

 

1 John 3:4  (NASB95)                    Back

4Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness.

 

 

1 John 3:4  (WEB)                    Back

4 Everyone who sins also commits lawlessness. Sin is lawlessness.

 

 

Q. 15

 

Genesis 3:6, 12  (ESV)                    Back

6So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

12The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.”

 

 

Genesis 3:6, 12  (KJ3)                    Back

6¶ And the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that to the eyes it was to be desired, and the tree was desirable to make one wise. And she took of its fruit and ate; and she also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.

12 And the man said, The woman whom You gave to be with me, she has given to me of the tree, and I ate.

 

 

Genesis 3:6, 12  (NASB95)                    Back

6When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.

12The man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate.”

 

 

Genesis 3:6, 12  (WEB)                    Back

6           When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took some of its fruit, and ate; and she gave some to her husband with her, and he ate it, too.

12         The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

 

 

Q. 16

 

Genesis 2:16–17  (ESV)                    Back

16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

 

 

Genesis 2:16-17  (KJ3)                    Back

16¶ And Jehovah God commanded the man, saying, Eating you may eat of every tree in the garden;

17 but of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil you may not eat, for in the day of the eating of it, dying you shall die.

 

 

Genesis 2:16–17  (NASB95)                    Back

16The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”

 

 

Genesis 2:16-17  (WEB)                    Back

16 Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely eat of every tree of the garden;

17 but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”

 

 

Romans 5:12  (ESV)                    Back

12Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—

 

 

Romans 5:12  (KJ3)                    Back

12 Because of this, even as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death passed to all men, inasmuch as all sinned.

 

 

Romans 5:12  (NASB95)                    Back

12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned—

 

 

Romans 5:12  (WEB)                    Back

12 Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men, because all sinned.

 

 

1 Corinthians 15:21–22  (ESV)                    Back

21For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. 22For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.

 

 

1 Corinthians 15:21-22  (KJ3)                    Back

21 For since death is through man, also through a Man is a resurrection of dead ones;

22 for as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.

 

 

1 Corinthians 15:21–22  (NASB95)                    Back

21For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.

 

 

1 Corinthians 15:21-22  (WEB)                    Back

21 For since death came by man, the resurrection of the dead also came by man.

22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.

 

 

Q. 17

 

Romans 5:12  (ESV)                    Back

12Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—

 

 

Romans 5:12  (KJ3)                    Back

12 Because of this, even as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death passed to all men, inasmuch as all sinned.

 

 

Romans 5:12  (NASB95)                    Back

12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned—

 

 

Romans 5:12  (WEB)                    Back

12 Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men, because all sinned.

 

 

Q. 18

 

Romans 5:12, 19  (ESV)                    Back

12Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—

19For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

 

 

Romans 5:12, 19  (KJ3)                    Back

12 Because of this, even as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death passed to all men, inasmuch as all sinned.

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were constituted sinners, so also through the obedience of the One the many shall be constituted righteous.

 

 

Romans 5:12, 19  (NASB95)                    Back

12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned—

19For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.

 

 

Romans 5:12, 19  (WEB)                    Back

12 Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men, because all sinned.

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous.

 

 

Romans 5:10–20  (ESV)                    Back

10For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. 11More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation. 12Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— 13for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. 15But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. 18Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. 19For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. 20Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,

 

 

Romans 5:10-20  (KJ3)                    Back

10 For if while being hostile ones we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life;

11 and not only so, but also glorying in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now received the reconciliation.

12 Because of this, even as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death passed to all men, inasmuch as all sinned.

13 For sin was in the world until Law, but sin is not imputed there not being law;

14 but death reigned from Adam until Moses, even on the ones not sinning on the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is a type of the One coming.

15 But not as the deviation, so also is the free gift. For if by the deviation of the one the many died, much more the grace of God, and the gift in grace, which is of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to the many.

16 And the gift is not as through one having sinned; for indeed the judgment was of one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many deviations to justification.

17 For if by the deviation of the one death reigned through the one, much more the ones receiving the abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by the One, Jesus Christ.

18 So therefore, as through one deviation came to all men to condemnation, so also through one effected righteousness came to all men to justification of life.

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were constituted sinners, so also through the obedience of the One the many shall be constituted righteous.

20 But Law came in besides, that the deviation might abound; but where sin abounded, grace much more abounded,

 

 

Romans 5:10–20  (NASB95)                    Back

10For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. 11And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation. 12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned— 13for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. 15But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many. 16The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification. 17For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ. 18So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,

 

 

Romans 5:10-20  (WEB)                    Back

10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we will be saved by his life.

11         Not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

12 Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men, because all sinned.

13 For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not charged when there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those whose sins weren’t like Adam’s disobedience, who is a foreshadowing of him who was to come.

15 But the free gift isn’t like the trespass. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.

16 The gift is not as through one who sinned: for the judgment came by one to condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses to justification.

17 For if by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; so much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ.

18 So then as through one trespass, all men were condemned; even so through one act of righteousness, all men were justified to life.

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous.

20 The law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace abounded more exceedingly;

 

 

Ephesians 2:1–3  (ESV)                    Back

1And you were dead in the trespasses and sins 2in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— 3among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.

 

 

Ephesians 2:1-3  (KJ3)                    Back

1¶ and you being dead in deviations and sins,

2 in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience,

3 among whom we also all conducted ourselves in times past in the lusts of our flesh, acting out the wills of the flesh and of the understandings, and were by nature the children of wrath, even as the rest.

 

 

Ephesians 2:1–3  (NASB95)                    Back

1And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, 2in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. 3Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.

 

 

Ephesians 2:1-3  (WEB)                    Back

1           You were made alive when you were dead in transgressions and sins,

2 in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the children of disobedience;

3 among whom we also all once lived in the lusts of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.

 

 

James 1:14–15  (ESV)                    Back

14But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. 15Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

 

 

James 1:14-15  (KJ3)                    Back

14 But each one is tempted by his own lusts, being drawn out and being enticed by them.

15 Then, having conceived, lust brings forth sin. And sin being fully formed brings forth death.

 

 

James 1:14–15  (NASB95)                    Back

14But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. 15Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.

 

 

James 1:14-15  (WEB)                    Back

14 But each one is tempted when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed.

15 Then the lust, when it has conceived, bears sin; and the sin, when it is full grown, produces death.

 

 

Matthew 15:19  (ESV)                    Back

19For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false witness, slander.

 

 

Matthew 15:19  (KJ3)                    Back

19 For out of the heart come forth evil reasonings, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witnessimgs, blasphemies.

 

 

Matthew 15:19  (NASB95)                    Back

19“For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders.

 

 

Matthew 15:19  (WEB)                    Back

19 For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual sins, thefts, false testimony, and blasphemies.

 

 

Q. 19

 

Genesis 3:8, 10, 24  (ESV)                    Back

8And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

10And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.”

24He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

 

 

Genesis 3:8, 10, 24  (KJ3)                    Back

8 And they heard the sound of Jehovah God walking up and down in the garden at the breeze of the day. And the man and his wife hid themselves from the face of Jehovah God in the middle of the trees of the garden.

10 And he said, I have heard Your sound in the garden, and I was afraid, for I am naked, and I hid myself.

24 And He drove the man out. And He lodged the cherubs at the east of the Garden of Eden, and the flaming sword whirling around to guard the way of the Tree of Life.

 

 

Genesis 3:8, 10, 24  (NASB95)                    Back

8They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

10He said, “I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.”

24So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.

 

 

Genesis 3:8, 10, 24  (WEB)                    Back

8 They heard Yahweh God’s voice walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden.

10         The man said, “I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.”

24 So he drove out the man; and he placed cherubim* at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

 

 

Ephesians 2:2–3  (ESV)                    Back

2in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— 3among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.

 

 

Ephesians 2:2-3  (KJ3)                    Back

2 in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience,

3 among whom we also all conducted ourselves in times past in the lusts of our flesh, acting out the wills of the flesh and of the understandings, and were by nature the children of wrath, even as the rest.

 

 

Ephesians 2:2–3  (NASB95)                    Back

2in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. 3Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.

 

 

Ephesians 2:2-3  (WEB)                    Back

2 in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the children of disobedience;

3 among whom we also all once lived in the lusts of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.

 

 

Galatians 3:10  (ESV)                    Back

10For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.”

 

 

Galatians 3:10  (KJ3)                    Back

10 For as many as are out of works of Law, these are under a curse. For it is writ- ten, “Accursed is everyone who does not continue in all the things having been written in the book of the Law, to do them.”

 

 

Galatians 3:10  (NASB95)                    Back

10For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, to perform them.”

 

 

Galatians 3:10  (WEB)                    Back

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under a curse. For it is written, “Cursed is everyone who doesn’t continue in all things that are written in the book of the law, to do them.”

 

 

Lamentations 3:39  (ESV)                    Back

39Why should a living man complain, a man, about the punishment of his sins?

 

 

Lamentations 3:39  (KJ3)                    Back

39 What? Should mankind complain, living man, because of his sins?

 

 

Lamentations 3:39  (NASB95)                    Back

39Why should any living mortal, or any man, Offer complaint in view of his sins?

 

 

Lamentations 3:39  (WEB)                    Back

39 Why does a living man complain,

 

 

Romans 6:23  (ESV)                    Back

23For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

 

 

Romans 6:23  (KJ3)                    Back

23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is everlasting life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

 

 

Romans 6:23  (NASB95)                    Back

23For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

 

 

Romans 6:23  (WEB)                    Back

23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

 

 

Matthew 25:41, 46  (ESV)                    Back

41“Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.

46And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

 

 

Matthew 25:41, 46  (KJ3)                    Back

41 Then He will also say to those at the left, Go away from Me, the ones cursed, into the everlasting fire having been prepared for the devil and his angels.

46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous ones into everlasting life.

 

 

Matthew 25:41, 46  (NASB95)                    Back

41“Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels;

46“These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

 

 

Matthew 25:41, 46  (WEB)                    Back

41 Then he will say also to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels;

46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

 

 

Q. 20

 

Ephesians 1:4  (ESV)                    Back

4even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love

 

 

Ephesians 1:4  (KJ3)                    Back

4 even as He elected us in Him before the foundation of the world, for us to be holy and without blemish before Him in love,

 

 

Ephesians 1:4  (NASB95)                    Back

4just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love

 

 

Ephesians 1:4  (WEB)                    Back

4 even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and without defect before him in love;

 

 

Romans 3:20–22  (ESV)                    Back

20For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin. 21But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction:

 

 

Romans 3:20-22  (KJ3)                    Back

20 Because by works of law not will be justified all flesh before Him, for through law is full knowledge of sin.

21 But now apart from law a righteousness of God has been revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,

22 even the righteousness of God through faith of Jesus Christ toward all and upon all the ones believing; for there is no difference,

 

 

Romans 3:20–22  (NASB95)                    Back

20because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin. 21But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction;

 

 

Romans 3:20-22  (WEB)                    Back

20 Because by the works of the law, no flesh will be justified in his sight. For through the law comes the knowledge of sin.

21         But now apart from the law, a righteousness of God has been revealed, being testified by the law and the prophets;

22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ to all and on all those who believe. For there is no distinction,

 

 

Galatians 3:21–22  (ESV)                    Back

21Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. 22But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

 

 

Galatians 3:21-22  (KJ3)                    Back

21 Therefore is the Law against the promises of God? Let it not be! For if a law had been given which had been able to make alive, indeed righteousness would have been out of Law.

22 But the Scripture shut up together all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to the ones believing.

 

 

Galatians 3:21–22  (NASB95)                    Back

21Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? May it never be! For if a law had been given which was able to impart life, then righteousness would indeed have been based on law. 22But the Scripture has shut up everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

 

 

Galatians 3:21-22  (WEB)                    Back

21 Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could make alive, most certainly righteousness would have been of the law.

22 But the Scripture imprisoned all things under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

 

 



[1] covenant: a formal agreement between two parties. But God’s covenants with man are special as they are dictated by God to man. Such covenants, as expressed to man, usually have many of the following features: God’s declaration of who He is, a historical background, commands to man, blessings and curses for obedience or disobedience thereof, and promises of eternal significance.

[2] This was a real tree whose fruit is frequently called “the forbidden fruit.” How it conferred knowledge is unknown as no such trees exist today.

[3] transgression: in this context, breaking God’s law. Also, Adam’s sin is passed from father to son and father to daughter by spiritual means, not biological, genetic, or epigenetic means.

[4] Salvation must be distinguished from justification; salvation is a package containing many benefits and graces such as adoption, sanctification, divine intercession, and so forth (see Q. 33 ff. below).

* An assarion is a small coin worth one tenth of a drachma or a sixteenth of a denarius. An assarion is approximately the wages of one half hour of agricultural labor.

* cherubim are powerful angelic creatures, messengers of God with wings. See Ezekiel 10.

Psa. 143:2